Christopher Shackelton has served as our director and Chairman since 2012. Mr. Shackelton is a Managing Partner at Coliseum Capital Management, an investment firm which he co-founded. Previously, Mr. Shackelton worked at Watershed Asset Management and Morgan Stanley & Co. Mr. Shackelton also serves on the boards of LHC Group, BioScrip and Universal Technical Institute. Mr. Shackelton was previously Chairman of Rural/Metro Corp and served on the boards of Advanced Emissions Solutions and Interstate Hotels. Mr. Shackelton is actively involved in multiple charitable organizations, including as Chairman of The Connecticut Open. Mr. Shackelton received a bachelor's degree in Economics from Yale College in 2001.
Todd J. Carter has served as our director since 2016. Mr. Carter is Co-President and Chief Executive Officer of GCA Savvian Advisors, a global independent investment banking firm, and serves on the firm’s board of directors. He has served in these roles since 2008, and is a co-founder of the firm. Previously, Mr. Carter served as Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of Savvian Inc. and Perseus Group. Prior to 2003, he was President of Robertson Stephens & Company Inc., a global investment banking and asset management firm, and served on the firm’s board of directors. Earlier in his career, Mr. Carter was employed by McKinsey & Company and Smith Barney Inc. Additionally, Mr. Carter has served on a number of company, advisory and non-profit boards of directors. Mr. Carter received a bachelor’s degree from the University of Texas and a master of business administration degree from Harvard University.
David A. Coulter has served as our director since 2016. Mr. Coulter is a Special Limited Partner of Warburg Pincus. During the past 10 years, he served in roles at Warburg Pincus including Vice Chairman as well as Managing Director and senior advisor focused on the firm’s financial services investment activities. Prior to that, Mr. Coulter held a series of positions at J.P. Morgan Chase and was a member of its Office of the Chairman. He also served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of BankAmerica Corporation. Mr. Coulter is a director of Santander Asset Management, Triton Container International and Varo Money. He is also a board member of Lincoln Center, Carnegie Mellon University, Third Way and the Northern California Asia Society. Mr. Coulter received a bachelor’s degree and master’s degree from Carnegie Mellon University.
Richard A. Kerley has served as our director since 2010 and chairperson of the Compensation Committee since 2011. Mr. Kerley served as Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and member of the board of directors of Peter Piper, Inc., a privately-held pizza and entertainment restaurant chain, from November 2008 to December 2014, when he retired. From July 2005 to October 2008, Mr. Kerley served as the Chief Financial Officer of Fender Musical Instruments Corporation. From June 1981 to July 2005, Mr. Kerley was an audit partner with Deloitte & Touche LLP. Prior to becoming a partner at Deloitte & Touche, Mr. Kerley served as an audit manager and staff accountant from August 1971 to June 1981. Mr. Kerley also serves on the board of The Joint Corp., a publicly traded operator, manager and franchisor of chiropractic clinics. He received a bachelor’s degree in accounting from Marshall University in 1971.
Kristi L. Meints has served as our director and chairperson of the Audit Committee since 2003. From January 2005 to December 2009 when she retired, and from August 1999 until September 2003, Ms. Meints served as Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Chicago Systems Group, Inc. (now CSG Government Solutions, Inc.), a technology consulting firm based in Chicago, Illinois. From October 2003 to December 2004, Ms. Meints served as Chief Financial Officer of Peter Rabbit Farms, a vegetable farming business in Southern California. From January 1998 until August 1999, she was an independent financial consultant serving as Chief Financial Officer for Cordon Corporation, a start-up services company. Ms. Meints was group finance director for Avery Dennison Corporation, a New York Stock Exchange listed company that is a multi-national manufacturer of consumer and industrial products, from March 1996 until December 1997. From February 1977 until June 1995, she held a variety of financial positions at SmithKline Beecham Corporation (now GlaxoSmithKline), including as director of finance, worldwide manufacturing animal health products and as manager of accounting and budgets for Norden Laboratories, Inc., one of its wholly owned subsidiaries. She received a bachelor’s degree in accounting from Wayne State College in 1975 and a master of business administration degree from the University of Nebraska in 1984.
Leslie V. Norwalk has served as our director and Chairperson of the Nomination and Governance Committee since 2015. Since September 2007, Ms. Norwalk has served as Strategic Counsel to Epstein Becker & Green, P.C. From 2001 to 2007, Ms. Norwalk served the Bush Administration in the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). From 2006 to 2007, she was the Acting Administrator, where she managed the operations of federal health care programs, including Medicare and Medicaid. For the four years prior to that, she was the agency's Deputy Administrator. Prior to serving the Bush Administration, Ms. Norwalk practiced law with Epstein Becker & Green, P.C. where she advised clients on a variety of healthcare policy matters. She also served the first Bush administration in the White House Office of Presidential Personnel and the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative. Ms. Norwalk is currently a director on the public company boards of NuVasive Inc. and Endologix, Inc. She also serves as an Advisor to Warburg Pincus, Enhanced Equity and Peloton Equity. She received a bachelor’s degree from Wellesley College and a juris doctor degree from George Mason University School of Law.
Frank J. Wright has served as our director since 2016. Mr. Wright is founder of the PharmaTrust, a firm that provides advisory services to companies and investors engaged in healthcare services and pharmaceutical development and manufacturing. He has almost 40 years of experience in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. He served as a senior executive of Alexion Pharmaceuticals LLC from 2012 to 2014, as President of European operations, and is a co-founder of Aptuit, an integrated drug development services company. Prior to that, Mr. Wright held a variety of executive positions in multiple pharmaceutical companies, including Glaxo Wellcome (now GlaxoSmithKline). He is a director of Laurus Labs Private, Limited, Laurus Synthesis Inc., Exela Pharma Sciences and ZenQMS. Mr. Wright received a mechanical engineering degree from the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow.